Federal Dependency Information 2021-2022
An independent student is an individual who meets one of the following criteria:
- born before Jan. 1, 1998
- married at the time of application for federal student aid
- graduate or professional student
- currently on active duty in the U.S. armed forces for purposes other than training
- a veteran of the U.S. armed forces
- has legal dependents other than a spouse, including children born during the award year
- age 13 or older, whose parents are both deceased, who was in foster care, or was an orphan or ward of the court
- an emancipated minor, as determined by a court in his or her state of legal residence
- in legal guardianship, as determined by a court in his or her state of legal residence
- determined a homeless, unaccompanied youth on or after July 1, 2020 by his or her high school or school-district liaison
- determined a homeless, unaccompanied youth on or after July 1, 2020 by the director of an emergency shelter program.
- determined a homeless, unaccompanied youth, or self-supporting youth at risk of being homeless, on or after July 1, 2020 by the director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living program.
If a student fails to meet the criterion outlined under "independent," that student is dependent. Students who do not meet the automatic federal independency criteria, but claim to be independent, should read the following section on dependency status reviews. If a student fails to provide acceptable documentation to the financial aid office to prove his/her dependency status, he or she will be considered dependent.
2021-2022 Federal Dependency Review
PRINT THIS PAGE SO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU NEED TO SUBMIT TO THE FINANCIAL AID OFFICE FOR RECONSIDERATION OF YOUR DEPENDENCY STATUS. THIS PAGE ALSO INDICATES WHO MAY QUALIFY FOR A DEPENDENCY STATUS CHANGE.
The federal processor utilizes parental information in the calculation of federal student aid eligibility if the applicant does not meet any of the independent criteria described above, as determined by Congress in the Higher Education Amendments of July 23, 1993. Federal regulations grant financial aid offices discretion under sections 480(d) and 479A of the Higher Education Amendments of July 23, 1993 in the determination of a student's independent-student status. However, regulations are specific as to what qualifies warrants a dependency override. Please note that none of the following circumstances will qualify a student for a dependency override:
- parents refuse to contribute to the student's education
- parents are unwilling to provide information on the FAFSA or for verification
- parents do not claim the student as a dependent for income tax purposes
- student demonstrates total self-sufficiency.
If you wish to have your file reviewed for dependency status, you should complete and forward to the Empire State College financial aid office the documentation of special circumstance dependency status form. You also should submit a letter from a reliable third-party source (doctor, VESID counselor, etc.) on its letterhead that explains in detail the unusual circumstance that exists in your situation that would warrant the changing of your dependency status. In addition to explaining your unusual circumstance in detail, the letter should indicate the length of time that you have been living independently and how you supported yourself in 2019, 2020 and (estimated) 2021. Submit the materials with your 2021-2022 FAFSA. Since you are claiming independence, do not complete the parental information on the FAFSA. If you fail to meet the independence criteria, you will be notified by the financial aid office that you must correct your FAFSA to add parental data in order for your eligibility to be determined.
Please submit the above-noted documentation two months prior to your expected date of enrollment. Questions regarding dependent status for TAP should be directed to the New York State Higher Education Services Corporation at 888-NYS-HESC (800-697-4372).