Frequently Asked Questions

Do I need to submit my research?

  • All research using human subjects must be submitted to the IRB. If your project has the purpose of contributing to generalizable knowledge, with some sort of dissemination (including, but not limited to, publications, presentations), then it is research. If there is any interaction with, or information about, individuals, then it is considered human subjects research. Regardless of whether you think it may be exempt review, you must submit to the IRB.

How long will the process take once I submit?

  • The IRB reviews applications on a rolling basis, meaning we review them whenever they are submitted.  For most exempt and expedited applications, our goal is to complete the review within three weeks.  Applications that require additional feedback (as determined by the Board) from the principal investigator (PI), or those that require a full Board review may take longer.

If I want to include ESC students in my study, what student information is available?

  • Disclosure of Directory Information- Student directory information which can be released by the college without prior consent of the student is limited to the following (as authorized by FERPA):
    1. name
    2. address
    3. phone number
    4. dates of attendance
    5. most recent previous educational institution attended
    6. major area of concentration
    7. degree and awards earned
    8. participation in officially recognized college activities
    9. date and place of birth

    Please note that student email addresses are not included in this list.

    To learn more, please refer to ESC's FERPA Policy or contact the Office of the Registrar at (518) 587-2100 ext. 2285, or

If my research involves other institutions, do I need to get their permission in advance?

  • Yes, and it needs to be in writing.  For each participating / collaborating institution (schools, prisons, clinics, etc.) you need to obtain permission by way of a signed letter from a senior administrator.  The letter should outline in detail the roles and responsibilities of each institution and the primary investigator, as well as who will be included as subjects of the study.  For research within school districts, New York State law requires that the superintendent of schools (not a principal) grants permission in writing.  Please include a copy of each letter with your IRB application.

Who are considered vulnerable subjects?

Special Consideration for Projects Involving Vulnerable Populations

There are a number of research populations described in the Federal regulations as "vulnerable" or that require additional consideration or protection. "Vulnerable" or "special" classes of subjects include:
      • pregnant women, human fetuses and neonates
      • prisoners
      • children
      • cognitively impaired persons
      • students and employees
      • minorities
      • economically and/or educationally disadvantaged
      • AIDS/HIV+ subjects
      • terminally ill Subjects

Vulnerable Subjects and Exempt Research

Due to the vulnerable nature of the population the exemptions in 45 CFR 46.101(b) do not apply to certain types of research involving children and prisoners, Subparts C and D.

Specifically, the exemption at 45 CFR 46.101(b)(2), for research involving survey or interview procedures or observation of public behavior, does not apply to research with children, Subpart D, except for research involving observations of public behavior when the investigator(s) do not participate in the activities being observed.

In addition, exemption from IRB review should be utilized conservatively when applied to research involving special classes of subjects who are not be defined by regulation as vulnerable.



Who do I contact if I have questions?

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